With 72 percent of Bhutan under forest cover Bhutan has a rich variety of plants and animals. Bhutan has three different zones: the alpine zone (4000m and above) above the tree line, temperate zone (2000 to 4000m) and subtropical zone (150m to 2000m).
Almost 60 percent of plant varieties found in the eastern Himalayan region is endemic to Bhutan. Bhutan has 5,400 varieties of plants which include 300 varieties of medicinal plants, and 46 varieties of rhododendrons.
Bhutan has 90 mammal species and some 770 species of birds. This includes some rare and endangered animals and birds.
The snow leopard, blue sheep, red panda, tiger, takin, marmot, musk deer are some of the species found in the high altitudes.
Birds like the black-necked cranes, white bellied heron, horn-bills and pheasants are some of the birds found in Bhutan.
Weather and Climate
Bhutan has four seasons and the climate varies depending on the altitude.
March to May is spring when the weather is pleasant and the flowering trees blossom. June to August is summer, also referred to as the monsoon season because there is plenty of rain. September to November is Autumn and December to February is winter.
Thimphu is located 2,200 meters above sea level and the temperature ranges from 15 to 26 degree Celsius in summer and -4 to 16 degree Celsius in winter.
Central Bhutan usually experiences cooler temperature in the summer and is colder in winter.
The climate in southern Bhutan is hot and humid ranging from 15 to 40 degree Celsius throughout the year.
Rain varies in different parts of the country and in different seasons and years. Similarly, while central Bhutan usually enjoys snowfall every year, in the western region it is unpredictable.